Beginning (Part7): Kalam Argument – Conclusion

THE KALÄM COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT In our last blog, we established that there was sufficient evidence to believe that premises 1 and 2 were more likely to be true than not, and that’s the degree of proof that is commonly required. So does the conclusion logically follow from the two premises? It does. If premise 1 is true and premise 2 … Read More

Beginning (Part 6): The Kalam Argument For God’s Existence

TERMS “Cosmology” (koz-MAH-lah-jee) is a field of science that studies the origin and properties of the universe. The word “kalam” (pronounced “kuh-LAHM”) is a word that refers to medieval Islamic theology. In the 1100s AD, there was an Islamic scholar named al-Ghazali. He argued that the idea of a beginningless universe was absurd. There had to be a cause. He … Read More

Beginning (Part 4) – Is Entropy Further Evidence Of A Beginning?

THE LAW OF ENTROPY (also called the Second Law of Thermodynamics) The law of entropy tells us that energy in the entire universe follows a pattern called “entropy,” in other words, gradually losing energy, dissipation, breaking down, falling apart or disorder. The intact egg on the left side represents a state of order (low entropy), the cracked eggs in the … Read More

Beginning (Part 3): Atheists’ Attempts To Avoid A Beginning And A Ghostly Whisper From The Moment Of Creation

ATHEISM’S REACTION TO THE STANDARD MODEL OF THE UNIVERSE In our first blog on a “beginning,” we said that for centuries theists have claimed the universe had a beginning, and atheists claimed it was past eternal. It seems that issue was settled in the 1920s when scientists used Einstein’s theory of general relativity and Hubble’s discovery of an expanding universe … Read More

Beginning (Part 2): A Universe “Out Of Nothing”?

WHAT IS “NOTHING”? Okay, we need to wrap our heads around a concept that can be difficult to understand. The word “universe” refers to four things: space, time, matter and energy. The Standard Model of the Universe is the accepted explanation for how the universe began. Basically, there was an explosion that launched the four things: space, time, matter and … Read More

Beginning (Part 1): Did The Universe Have A Beginning?

THE UNIVERSE: A BEGINNING OR “PAST ETERNAL”? A book in the Bible called Genesis says that the universe had a beginning. Is there any evidence for such a thing? Very simply, the word “universe” refers to four things: space, time, matter and energy. EINSTEIN’S THEORY OF GENERAL RELATIVITY But then something changed. In 1915, Einstein presented his theory of general … Read More