Ontology (Part 3) – The Ontological Argument: Is There Additional Confirming Evidence For The Concept Of A Maximally Great Being? (for those interested in philosophy/theology)

TERMS • “Maximal greatness” exists in any being who possesses these properties in EVERY possible world. “Maximal greatness” is the same as saying “greatest conceivable being.” • “Possible Worlds” refers to various descriptions of reality that could conceivably or potentially exist. Each description is comprised of a set of propositions. Propositions must be true and must not conflict with one … Read More

Ontology (Part 2) – The Ontological Argument: Is It Possible That A “Maximally Great Being” Actually Does Exist? (for those interested in philosophy/theology)

ONTOLOGICAL CONCEPTS THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT FOR GOD’S EXISTENCE Now that we understand the concepts of a “possible world” and a “maximally great being,” let’s examine the ontological argument: PREMISE 1 OF THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT It is an interesting fact that premises 2 through 5 are not very controversial, but premise 1 is where the controversy resides. If you can make … Read More

Cosmology (Part 5) – Leibniz’s Contingency Argument: Is It True That “Something Must Exist But No One Thing Exists Necessarily”? (for those interested in philosophy/theology)

THE MOST IMPORTANT QUESTION GUIDING PRINCIPLE Leibniz’s Principle of Sufficient Reason: “Nothing happens without a sufficient reason.” LEIBNIZ’S CONTINGENCY ARGUMENT PREVIOUS BLOGS ESTABLISHED THE TRUTH OF PREMISES 1 AND 2 Everything has an explanation of its existence, either by the necessity of its own nature or by an external cause. According to Arthur Schopenhauer, the universe cannot be an exception. … Read More

Cosmology (Part 4) – Leibniz’s Contingency Argument: Would It Be Impossible For This Particular Universe Not To Exist? (for those interested in philosophy/theology)

THE MOST IMPORTANT QUESTION GUIDING PRINCIPLE Leibniz’s Principle of Sufficient Reason: “Nothing happens without a sufficient reason.” LEIBNIZ’ COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT FOR GOD’S EXISTENCE PREMISE 2 In our last blog, we presented atheism’s argument against premise 1 and concluded that everything must have an explanation of its existence, either by the necessity of its own nature (necessary beings) or that it … Read More

Cosmology (Part 3) – Leibniz’s Contingency Argument: Does Everything, Including The Universe, Have An Explanation For Its Existence? (for those interested in philosophy/theology)

THE MOST IMPORTANT QUESTION GUIDING PRINCIPLE Leibniz’s Principle of Sufficient Reason: “Nothing happens without a sufficient reason.” LEIBNIZ’ COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT FOR GOD’S EXISTENCE PREMISE 1 Premise 1 says, “Everything that exists has an explanation of its existence.” ATHEISM’S “MINORITY VIEW” Making an exception for the universe: In response to premise 1, which says that “everything that exists has an explanation … Read More

Cosmology (Part 1) – The Cosmological Arguments of Thomas Aquinas And G.W. Leibniz (for those interested in philosophy and theology)

THE FIVE ARGUMENTS OF NATURAL THEOLOGY “Natural theology” is a branch of theology that seeks to provide justification for belief in God’s existence without the use of scripture. Each of these five arguments for the existence of God is an independent piece of evidence that does not rely on the others for its justification. Because each is independent, logic requires that … Read More

Introduction (Part 4) – What Constitutes A “Sound And Valid Argument”?

AN ARGUMENT A “SOUND” ARGUMENT: HOW DO WE KNOW A PREMISE IS TRUE? A “sound” argument is one in which each premise is true. A “VALID” ARGUMENT: DOES THE CONCLUSION LOGICALLY FOLLOW? A “valid” argument is one in which the conclusion logically follows from the premises. “SOUND” AND “VALID” A DEDUCTIVE ARGUMENT Soundness: Is the above premise 1 true in … Read More